New Shooters 101: The Elitist Mentality

Prick

The Elitist Mentality

I can only guess how discouraging it can be for a new shooter asking advice these days. The age of the internet gives everyone opinions about everything and often times new shooters receive information that they did not request. This as I have seen first hand only adds to the confusion. Even worse yet is when incorrect information is given out to someone who does not yet have the experience to know any better.

Possibly the worst thing that I have seen is what I call the elitist mentality. These are the guys who snub their nose at anything less than custom-built or top dollar. I think most of us can relate to not having an unlimited budget.  As much as we all want the most expensive rifle and the best new scope it is not an affordable option for most.

Whats better experience or the best gear?

The elitists of the world seem to think that only by having the best equipment can you shoot properly. Tell a group you have a $1000 budget for a scope and it won’t take long for someone to suggest a $2500 option. Some might even go as far as suggesting that you just save until you can afford something that isn’t “junk”. What I am here to tell you is you don’t need the new caliber or best stuff.

Experience

The only way any of us get better is practice. Live fire or dry fire practice are the only things that are going to improve your ability. The elitist mentality that only the best should be used is counterproductive at best. I know plenty of people who could give me their high dollar rig and use a stock rifle and out shoot me. Why? I know a lot of great shooters and their setup has nothing to do with their skill set. They have spent hundreds if not thousands of hours behind rifles to improve their skill set. Get out to the range and practice. You can always upgrade your equipment as you go.

Find people willing to help

It is amazing how quickly the internet turns everyone into a subject matter expert. Not only does this pump a lot of misinformation into the pipeline but it also stops knowledgeable people willing to help from doing so. A lot of the replies that I have seen are less helpful than they are ego boosting, it is the elitist way. However there are people with experience who are willing to share it to help the community. Look for these people and when you do find them pay attention. I learned the most from a friend who wanted to help people learn and had a lot of experience. He dealt with all of my questions and just wanted to give back to the community that taught him so much. I learned more from him then any internet group could teach because I didn’t have to filter through the clutter.

Stop seeking validation

Elitists create a problem for every sport or hobby. The better than you mentality eats away at those who want to help and pushes new members away in fear of humiliation to their honest questions. However we all need to stop seeking validation from strangers on the internet. The internet is a wonderful place and has a ton of information. Instead of asking people if this scope is okay to be given a million responses from people who have never even seen one in person do research on your own! Make your own decisions! The elitists of the world have their opinions and so do other shooters. At the end of the day unless someone else is paying for it for you it doesn’t matter what they think.  Please stop being lazy and do your own research and come to your own conclusions.

How can we sTop the cycle?

You can find a little bit of the elitist mentality in each and every one of us. We want to feel important and we want to be proud of what we own and use. There is no reason what so ever why we shouldn’t be. How can we end the cycle? Take a step back. Have you ever been new to something? Maybe a job or a hobby? Were you grateful to the guy who didn’t have the time of day to help you and acted like an elitist or the guy who took his time to help out? If you find yourself unable to help or can’t find something constructive to say it’s okay! Not a single one of us knows everything. Find another topic where you can help. Let’s build up the members in our hobby and help where we can and remember that we all start somewhere.

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New Shooter 101: Data Collection

Data

New Shooters 101: Data Collection

Long range shooting is all about the details. The more we pay attention to and document all the variables the better we will become. Long range shooting explained simply is applying the fundamentals of marksmanship consistently while properly compensating for environmental conditions and effects. It doesn’t matter if you are a new shooter or an experienced shooter, recording all the data you can will help make you more proficient.

D.O.P.E. (DATA OF PREVIOUS ENGAGEMENTS)

D.O.P.E is a term used often in the long-range community. It refers to the data of previous engagements and is a data book used to track your rifles performance at different ranges with different wind speeds and values. As you collect and true your data you will have a reference to help get more accurate shots on target faster.  What data is important?

Density Altitude

When collecting data one of the first things I like to record is the Density Altitude where and when I am shooting. Living in upstate New York I can experience low density altitude in the  cold winter months and a much higher density altitude in the warm summer months. Density Altitude can play a large roll on your adjustments and knowing how your rifle will perform and having data for multiple density altitude bands is very important for getting first round hits at distance.

Magpul Core Density Altitude Band Graph

 

Density Altitude requires you to have the following information: Temperature, Barometric Pressure, Altitude, and Humidity. Apps like the Applied Ballistics Tool Box can then calculate your density altitude.

Data
Density Altitude at my position

Below are 4 range cards for my .308 shooting Prime 175 GR OTM ammunition at 2592 fps. All range cards use a 10 MPH wind at 90°. The density altitudes represented are 0, 3000, 6000, and 9000.

 

Data
0 DA
3000 DA
6000 DA
9000 DA

 

Wind

Wind is quite possibly one of the biggest factors to consider when shooting at long-range. The wind at your position and the wind at your target can be doing completely different things. The more data you collect on the wind the better you will become at shooting in the wind. Fine tuning you ability to read wind down range takes practice and documenting the times you are right as well as the times you are not will help you get more comfortable shooting in the wind.

I like the clock method of reading the wind as it helps me remember my full values, 1/2 values, and 0 value. The Magpul Quick Reference cards have a helpful card pictured below that also gives you the necessary data to gauge wind through your scope down range.

Magpul Wind Quick reference card

Below are examples of wind at a full value, 1/2 value, and 0 value. All winds are at 10 MPH and based off my .308 shooting Prime 175GR ammunition.

Full Value

1/2 Value

 

Shooting position

If you shoot in practical precision matches or find yourself out hunting having to set up hasty positions it never hurts to document things that will make you a more proficient shooter. While you are practicing shooting off a barricade you will quickly find what works and what doesn’t. Knowing how to build a stable position quickly can have a lot of benefits when you are on the clock at a match or when time is against you to get that trophy buck. Another great option is to have someone take video or pictures while you are shooting. You can review them at home and break everything down good and bad to improve on your next trip to the range.

Call your shots

Another common practice with data books is to call your shots. Using a data book you can document where you think the shot went before confirming where it actually landed. This can help you self-diagnose what you did wrong. Everyone pulls shots and misses, however knowing why we pulled the shot or missed is what will help us improve. Did you miss call the wind, jerk the trigger, or fire from a rushed position when you could have made it more stable? Knowing what to work on at the range is a lot better than wasting ammo with no game plan.

Data books

Having a good data book is obvious when we talk about collecting data. I personally recommend the Magpul Precision Rifle Data Book 2.0 as well as their Quick Reference Cards. I reviewed them previously here.

Catch up on our new shooter 101 series

The Introduction

Purpose


Caliber Selection

Reading your Reticle

Mils or MOA

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New Shooter 101: Choosing Mils or MOA

EDC

One of the most common questions new shooters ask is Mils or MOA when setting up their new long-range rifle. Today I want to take a more in-depth review of both Mils and MOA to help you make that decision for yourself. There is a lot of bad information and misconceptions around Mils and MOA as they relate to shooting. I will cover those below as well.

MILS ARE METRIC AND MOA IS IMPERIAL

Possibly one of the biggest misconceptions in the long-range shooting community is that Mils or MOA only correspond to a set measurement system. This actually has zero truth behind it. Both Mils and MOA are angular measurements. Angular measurements work with any system of measurement in existence.

Mils (MRAD)

One mil is 1/1000 of the unit of measurement (feet, inches, centimeters, meters, miles, ect) you choose to use. Therefore .1 mil is 1/10,000 of the unit of measurement (feet, inches, centimeters, meters, miles, ect) you choose to use. So 1 mil at 1,000 meters is 1 meter and 1 mil at 1,000 yards is 1 yard. .1 mil is 1 centimeter at 100 meters and .36 inches at 100 yards.

MOA (Minute of angle)

One MOA is 1/60th of a degree. At 100 Yards 1 MOA equals 1.047 inches and at 1000 yards one MOA equals 10.47 inches. At 100 meters 1 MOA equals 2.908 centimeters and therefore at 1000 meters 1 MOA equals 29.08 centimeters.

MOA IS A MORE ACCURATE ADJUSTMENT SYSTEM

The answer to this is not a simple yes or no. On paper MOA adjusts in smaller values and because of that it is seen as more precise by some but is the difference an advantage or is it a negligible difference? You can decide below.

Size of adjustments

Mil scopes are most commonly found with 1/10 mil turrets. This means that every “click” the turret is moves corresponds to a 1/10 mil adjustment to your point of aim. MOA scopes are most commonly found with 1/4 MOA turrets. Just like the Mil turrets 1/4 MOA turrets adjust your point of aim by 1/4 and MOA with every “click”. Some MOA turrets are set to 1/8 MOA values and are not as common.

1/10 Mil Vs. 1/4 MOA

Starting at 100 yards 1 Mil equals 3.6 inches and 1 MOA equals 1.047 inches. Therefore 1/10 of a mil equals .36 inches and 1/4 of an MOA equals .26175 inches at 100 yards. The difference of the adjustments is .09825 inches.

At 1000 yards 1/10 of a Mil equals 3.6 inches and 1/4 MOA equals 2.6175 inches. The difference between the two systems is .9825 inches. It is possible that the top 1% of shooters would actually be able to tell such a small difference in adjustments, however when we take into account environmental factors like wind as well as bc errors, shooter error, and rifle capability is the average shooter able to discern the minute difference or “edge” that MOA presents with a smaller adjustment value?

Number of clicks

Using data from my .308 and Applied Ballistics mobile app I have 2 photos below. Both account for the same distance of 1000 yards with a 10 MPH constant wind at 90°. One accounts for adjustments in 1/10 Mil and the other 1/4 MOA.

MILS
1000 Yards 1/10 Mil Turrets
MOA
1000 Yards 1/4 MOA Adjustments

The results above show an additional 40 clicks are needed to get the same firing solution while using MOA over Mils. Is the extra time spent dialing in your adjustments worth the smaller value? It depends on the style of shooting and personal preference and is for you to decide.

1 MOA IS CLOSE ENOUGH TO 1 INCH AT 100 YARDS

As we discussed above 1 MOA at 100 yards is 1.047 inches. A common trend is to round 1.047 down to 1 inch to make math easier. While this might have a minimal effect at closer ranges it will cause misses at longer ranges.

Using the example above at 1000 yards the .308 bullet drops 36.3 mils or 380.061 inches. When 1 MOA is rounded down to 1 inch instead of 1.047 inches the drop changes to 363.0 inches. This small and seemingly harmless error in math actually equates to 17.061 inches or 1.630 MOA that your adjustments are off.

 

WHICH IS THE BETTER SYSTEM?

Neither. It is a personal choice. If you shoot bench rest and the targets are in MOA then MOA makes more sense. If all your friends shoot Mils getting data for corrections will be easier if you to shoot Mils. I use Mils because it is what I was taught in the Military but instead of meters I range my targets in yards. No matter which system you choose make sure that you are educated and comfortable with making adjustments.

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New Shooters 101: Reading your Reticle

Reticle

 

 

If you prefer MOA or Mil the most important thing is understanding what your reticle has to offer. When we effectively use every feature our reticle has to offer we can get rounds down range faster. Your scope should come with a manual explaining all the features it has. Some scopes have a lot more to offer than others. Today I am going to cover a reticle I have a lot of experience with. The Leupold TMR.

 

New Shooters 101: Reading your Reticle- Leupold TMR

Chances are your reticle has a lot more to offer then using just applying proper hold overs. Before you head out to the range it is always a good idea to study and learn your reticle. Most if not all manufacturers will send the necessary information to better understand your reticle with the scope. Below is a picture of the Leupold TMR reticle. The information provided came with the scope and is also available online.

Reticle

New shooters 101: reading your reticle- spacing

One of the most important things to understand is how your reticle is set up to work. For example the older mil dot reticles produced my Leupold have a .2 Mil dot space 1 mil apart from the center line of the dots. Newer reticles like the TMR have smaller lines to make holding over easier. The TMR reticle has a smaller .15 Mil wide has mark at every .5 Mil and a larger .4 mil wide hash mark at every mil. If you look closely the TMR reticle also has .2 mil hash marks at the outer edges of the reticle between 4 and 5 mils. This allows you to compensate for hold overs with a higher level of accuracy. This also gives you more information to properly range a target width or height in mils to find its unknown distance.

Reticle

I use a Leupold Mark 4 ER/T 4.5-14x M5 rifle scope. As you can see in the photo below the fine lines and center aperture is dependant on the magnification range of your optic. All the fine lines of my reticle are .04 mils thick and the center aperture is .10 mil x .10 mil. Knowing everything possible about the spacing of your reticle will make you more effective on the range.

Reticle

 

New shooters 101: reading your reticle- range estimation

Many new reticles are featuring a quick and easy to use range estimation tool that is built into the reticle. If your reticle doesn’t have a separate range finding feature do not worry. Just like any Mil or MOA scope we can use the reticle like a ruler to range known objects at unknown distances. Most scope manufactures will give you some basic guidelines on how to use their optics for range finding. Below is the example for the Leupold TMR reticle. Reticle

The TMR reticle shows and example of ranging a 1 yard target from 500 yards to 1000 yards with a higher degree of accuracy. Understanding how your reticle is set up will allow you to more accurately range known targets at unknown distances. Understanding how mils work will also let you use the reticle to range any target size that you want.

New shooters 101: reading your reticle- conclusion

In comparison to other newer designs on the market today the TMR reticle produced by Leupold is very easy to understand. New reticles like the Horus Vision Tremor 3 have wind dots that can compensate for set wind hold overs. These types of systems require a ballistic calculator to figure out what that wind dot will represent in mph. The value of your wind dots will change as you dial for elevation.  Below are a few examples of more complicated systems showing why understanding ever feature of your reticle is important.

Reticle
Vortex EBR-2C
Horus Vision H59
Horus Vision Tremor 3

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New Shooters 101: Cartridge Selection

Cailber

Picking the right cartridge is as important as matching your rifle and equipment to the shooting you intend to do. Knowing the maximum distance you intend to shoot and the type of target or targets you intend to shoot is a great place to start. Other considerations include ammunition availability. If you buy a wildcat cartridge and don’t reload it might be hard to find ammunition to feed your rifle. Some cartridges carry a more diverse bullet selection then others.

What we will be looking at today is the terminal ballistics of common rounds, recoil, and availability of ammunition. The cartridges we will be covering today are 223 Remington, 243 Winchester, 6.5 Grendel, 6.5 Creedmoor, 260 Remington, 7mm-08 Remington, 7mm Remington Short Action Ultra Magnum, 308 Winchester, 300 Remington Short Action Ultra Magnum, 300 Winchester Magnum, 300 Remington Ultra Magnum, and 338 Lapua Magnum.

All information for comparison will be provided from the 10th Edition Hornady reloading manual. All velocities are based off of max load. Barrel length will be provided. All ballistics data is run on Applied Ballistics Mobile at a 0 DA and 10 MPH crosswind from 90°.

All recoil data is provided by www.shooterscalculator.com. Rifle weight will be set to a consistent 15 LBS. This data does not account for recoil reduction devices such as brakes or suppressors.

Ammunition prices are taken from www.midwayusa.com listing the lowest and highest price of ammunition.

New Shooters 101: Cartridge Selection .223 Remington/ 5.56x45mm NATO

When looking at rifle calibers the .223 or 5.56×45 is an excellent example of a multipurpose cartridge. It has been used in multiple wars, has a place with LEO, varmint hunters, medium game hunters, Competition shooters, and long-range marksmen.

Terminal ballistics: 223 Remington

The 223 Remington can be loaded with bullets weighing in at as little as 30 grain all the way up to 90 grain. Some of the most popular loads being the 55 grain, 60 grain, and  75 grain bullets.

55 GR v-max-26″ barrel

Caliber

60 GR v-max-26″ barrel

Caliber

75 gr bthp match-20″ barrel

Caliber

.223 Remington  ballistics overview
Caliber
.223 Bullet Drop
Cailber
.223 Wind Drift

Recoil: 223 Remington

Caliber

Ammunition Cost: .223 Remington

A quick search of the internet brings up a wide variety of available ammo. The least expensive being Tulas 55 GR FMJ at $5.99 for a box of 20. The most expensive is Lapua Scenar 69 Grain HPBT and a box of 50 can be yours for $89.99. There are 136 different types of ammunition available on Midway.

New Shooters 101: Cartridge Selection-243 Winchester

The .243 Winchester is another great example of a general purpose cartridge. When loaded with smaller bullets the .243 makes a great varmint rifle. Heavier bullets make it a great medium game hunting rifle. The .243 is also a great round to be used in practical precision and other shooting competitions because of its high BC 6mm bullet.

Terminal Ballistics: 243 Winchester

The 243 Winchester can we loaded with bullets weighing as little as 58 grains all the way up to 115 grains. The most popular bullets loaded into the 243 Winchester are the 58 grain, 75 grain, and the 105 grain.

55 grain v-max-24″ barrel

Caliber

75 Grain v-max-24″ barrel

Caliber

105 grain bthp match-24″ barrel

Caliber

243 Winchester ballistics overview
Caliber
.243 Bullet Drop
Caliber
.243 Wind Drift

Recoil: 243 Winchester

Caliber

Ammunition Cost: 243 Winchester

The cheapest ammo shows a box of 20 rounds of 90 grain soft point from Prvi Pargizan at $16.29. If you don’t reload and want to sling some high BC 6mm rounds down range to go the distance there is an option for you as well. Copper Creek Cartridge Company is offering 20 rounds of Berger 105 grain hybrid loaded ammo for $38.99. This ammo is unlikely to be on the shelf at your local Cabelas however. There are 53 different types of ammunition available on Midway and 3 different match grade loads available from Copper Creek Cartridge Company.

New Shooters 101: Cartridge Selection-6.5 Grendel

The 6.5 Grendel has been growing in popularity since it was designed by Bill Alexander in 2002. The 6.5 Grendel upgrades the normal ballistics of a AR15 to shoot the higher BC 6.5mm bullets. It effectively extends the range of an AR15 platform rifle and brings more energy to target at farther distances. The 6.5 Grenel is an excellent varmint and medium game rifle and shines in competition shooting where AR15 style rifles are used.

Terminal ballistics: 6.5 Grendel

The 6.5 Grendel can be loaded with bullets from 95 grain up to 130 grain. Popular offers are 100 grain, 123 grain, and 130 grain bullets.

100 GR Amax-18″ barrel

Caliber

123 GR A-MAX-18″ barrel

Caliber

130 gr eldm-18″ barrel

Caliber

6.5 grendel ballistic overview
Caliber
6.5 Grendel bullet drop
Caliber
6.5 Grendel wind Drift

 

Recoil: 6.5 Grendel

 

Caliber

Ammunition Cost: 6.5 Grendel

The 6.5 Grendel doesn’t have as large of a selection from manufacturers as other calibers. Midway has 9 results for 6.5 Grendel. The cheapest ammo available is going to be Hornadys new Black ammunition line. 20 rounds of 123 Grain ELD Match loaded ammunition runs $19.79. The most expensive is Alexander Arms ammunition loaded with a 120 Grain Nosler Ballistic Tip. $32.99 gets you a box of 20.

New Shooter 101: Cartridge Selection 6.5 Creedmoor

The 6.5 Creedmoor is a very well-balanced round. Designed for practical precision it also makes an excellent varmint and medium game hunting round. 6.5 Creedmoor shoots high BC bullets with a flatter trajectory and less wind drift then other short action calibers. It is a light recoiling round which makes it ideal for faster follow-up shots and spotting your own hits or misses.

Terminal Ballistics: 6.5 Creedmoor

The 6.5 Creedmoor can fire bullets weighing from as little as 95 grains up to 160 grains. The most popular bullets are 123 grain, 130 grain, and 140 grain.

123 grain a-max-24″ barrel

Caliber

130 grain eldm-24″ barrel

Caliber

140 grain eldm-24″ barrel

Caliber

6.5 creedmoor ballistics overview
Caliber
6.5 Creedmoor Bullet drop
Caliber
6.5 Creedmoor Wind Drift

Recoil: 6.5 Creedmoor

Caliber

Ammunition Cost: 6.5 Creedmoor

Hornady’s 129 GR American White Tail ammunition is the cheapest listed on Midway coming in at $17.99 for a box of 20. The most expensive is Noslers Match Grade 140 GR custom competition HPBT and $40.99 gets you a box of 20. Copper Creek Cartridge Company also has 4 6.5 Creedmoor offerings available at around a dollar less a box than the Nosler. Midway has 21 results for 6.5 Creedmoor ammunition and for more specialized ammunition Copper Creek Cartridge Company has 13 loads available in 6.5 Creedmoor.

New Shooters 101: Cartridge Selection- 260 Remington

260 Remington was the 6.5mm cartridge of choice prior to 6.5 Creedmoor hitting the main stream and gaining popularity. Both carteidges have similar benefits and reports of the 260 Remington being able to push the lighter bullets faster than that of the 6.5 Creedmoor. According to Hornady’s 10TH Edition Reloading Manual the velocity of the 260 Remington is approximately 100 FPS slower than the 6.5 Creedmoor when shooting the same bullet. 260 Remington also benefits from the high BC of the 6.5mm bullets and the low recoil making it an excellent choice for hunters and practical precision shooters.

Terminal Ballistics: 260 Remington

The 260 Remington can fire bullets as small as 95 grain up to 160 grain. The most popular offerings are the same as the 6.5 Creedmoor. 123 grain, 130 grain, and 140 grain.

123 grain a-max-24″ barrel

Caliber

130 Grain eldm-24″ barrel

Caliber

140 grain eldm-24″ barrel

Caliber

260 Remington ballistics overview
Caliber
260 Bullet drop
Caliber
260 wind drift

Recoil: 260 Remington

Cailber

Ammunition Cost: 260 Remington

Midway lists the least expensive 260 Remington ammunition at $25.99. This is 20 rounds of Hornady 130 gr ELD Match ammunition. The most expensive comes in at $59.99 for a box of 20 rounds. This is Nosler 140 gr Partition Spitzer ammunition. Midway has 17 different types of ammunition available for 260 Remington and Copper Creek Cartridge Company carry 5 specialized loads for the caliber as well.

New Shooters 101: Cartridge Selection 7mm-08 Remington

The 7mm-08 Remington is an excellent medium game hunting round. It was designed in the 1980s when Remington necked down a 308 Winchester brass to accept 7mm bullets. The 7mm-08 Remington has excellent terminal ballistics and also makes a suitable long range caliber. If recoil can be managed effectively enough to spot your hits or misses it can be used for competition shooting.

Terminal Ballistics: 7mm-08 Remington

The 7mm-08 Remington can fire bullets as light as 120 grains up to 180 grains. Most factory ammunition is not loaded with the heavier bullets that carry a high BC that makes 7mm-08 Remington shine.

The most popular bullets used when reloading the 7mm-08 Remington for performance are the 150 grain, 162 grain, and 175 grain bullets.

150 Grain Eld-x-24″ barrel

Caliber

162 grain eldm-24″ barrel

175 grain eld-x-24″ barrel

7mm-08 Remington Ballistics overview
7mm-08 bullet drop
7mm-08 Wind Drift

Recoil: 7mm-08 Remington

Ammunition Cost: 7mm-08 Remington

Like I stated in the overview of 7mm-08 Remington most of the factory ammunition available is 150 grain or less. Hornady does offer their excellent 150 grain ELD-X hunting round in factory ammunition. The least expensive ammo is Prvi Partizan 140 grain soft point ammo. It cost $18.89 for a box of 20. The most expensive is Barnes triple shot x-bullet 140 grain ammunition at $53.99. Midway lists 31 different types of ammunition available for the caliber.

New Shooters 101: Cartridge Selection- 7MM Remington Short Action Ultra Magnum (SAUM)

The 7mm SAUM is a favorite hunting cartridge for those looking to get the extra distance and power of a magnum in a short action, light, and easy to handle rifle. It offers impressive gains over its non magnum competition and is a favorite round for medium to large game world-wide.

Terminal Ballistics: 7mm REMINGTON SAUM

The 7mm Remington SAUM can shoot ammo as small as 120 grain up to 180 grain. The most popular loads for hunters are the same as the 7mm-08 Remington 150 grain, 162 grain and 175/180 grain.

150 grain eld-X-24″ barrel

162 grain eldm-24″ barrel

175 grain elD-x-24″ barrel

7mm Remington SAum Ballistic overview
7mm SAUM bullet drop

Recoil: 7mm REMINGTON SAUM

Ammunition Cost: 7mm Remington SAUM

The 7mm Remington SAUM has very limited ammunition available by way of factory ammunition. Midway only has 4 types listed on their site. Nosler Trophy Grade Ammunition 160 grain Accubond being the cheapest at $63.99 for a box of 20. The most expensive is Nosler Custom Ammunition 160 grain Partition Spitzer at $68.99 for a box of 20.

New Shooters 101: Cartridge Selection 308 Winchester

Another highly versatile round. The .308 is the old work horse of the long-range community. It has more diversity in bullet choices then other falter flying rounds and is still used by hunters, military, and law enforcement officers around the world. It is a highly effective varmint and medium game round and is used by practical precision shooters in the tactical division.

Terminal Ballistics: 308 Winchester

The 308 Winchester can shoot bullets weighing as little as 110 grain up to 220 grain. The most popular bullets for the 308 Winchester are 155 grain, 165/8 grain and 175/8 grain.

155 grain bthp match-22″ barrel

168 grain eldm-22″ barrel

178 grain eldm-22″ barrel
308 Winchester ballistic overview
308 bullet drop
308 wind drift?

Recoil: 308 Winchester

Ammunition Cost: 308 Winchester

308 Winchester has been around a while and there is a lot of ammo out there for it. The cheapest ammo available is Tula FMJ 150 gr at $8.99 for a box of 20. The most expensive is Nosler Trophy Grade 168 grain AccuBond Long Range ammo at $55.99 for a box of 20. Midway has a large selection of 138 different types of ammunition available for the 308 Winchester. For more specialized ammunition if you do not reload ABM Ammo and Copper Creek Cartridge Company both have limited offerings in the caliber.

New Shooters 101: Cartridge Selection-300 Remington Short Action Ultra Magnum  (SAUM)

Much like the 7mm Remington SAUM the 300 Remington SAUM is another excellent hunting round. It takes a standard .30 cal bullet and shoots them at velocities close to that of a 300 Winchester Magnum. The 300 Remington SAUM is a great hunting caliber on most game.

Terminal Ballistics: 300 Remington SAUM

The 300 Remington SAUM can fire any .30 caliber bullet from 110 grain up to 230 grain. The most popular bullets used in the 300 Remington SAUM are very similar to that of the .308. 155 grain, 168 grain, and 178 grain bullets while some may prefer to shoot heavier bullets.

155 grain bthp match-24″ barrel
168 grain eldm-24″ barrel
178 grain eldm-24″ barrel
300 Remington saum ballistic overview
300 SAUM bullet drop
300 SAUM bullet drop

Recoil: 300 Remington SAUM

Ammunition Cost: 300 Remington SAUM

Nosler Trophy Grade Ammunition 180 Grain Partition Spitzer is the cheapest ammunition in the 300 Remington SAUM. $57.99 for a box of 20 rounds. The most expensive is Nosler Custom Ammunition 180 Grain E-Tip Lead-Free at $68.99 for a box of 20. Midway lists 10 different types of ammunition available for the caliber.

New Shooters 101: Cartridge Selection 300 Winchester Magnum

An all time favorite hunting cartridge that has seen use for competitions as well as military service. The 300 Winchester Magnum is a very versatile round at extended ranges.

Terminal Ballistics: 300 Winchester Magnum

Much like the 300 Remington SAUM the 300 Winchester Magnum can fire any 30 caliber bullet from 110 grain up to 225 grain. Most hunters and extended long-range shooters choose a 150-220 grain bullet. The most popular being 178 grain, 200 grain, and 220 grain.

178 grain Eldm-25″ barrel

200 Grain Eld-x-25″ barrel

220 grain eld-x-25″ barrel

300 Winchester magnum ballistic overview
300 WM Bullet Drop
300 Win Mag wind Drift

Recoil: 300 Winchester Magnum

Ammunition Cost: 300 Winchester Magnum

The 300 Winchester Magnum is a favorite hunting round all over North America and the world. Ammunition is plentiful at most local gun shops. Prvi Partizan 180 Grain Soft Point takes the prize for lowest price at $22.49 for a box of 20. The most expensive is Nosler Custom Ammunition 165 Grain Partition at $71.99 for a box of 20. There are 85 different types of ammunition available on Midway.

New Shooters 101: Cartridge Selection 300 Remington Ultra Magnum (RUM)

The 300 RUM is the Remington entry into the 300 magnum world. It boasts impressive gains of around 200 FPS more than the 300 Winchester Magnum firing the same bullet. Another flat shooting magnum caliber that has it place of extended range hunts and big game across the world.

Terminal Ballistics: 300 RUM

The 300 RUM can use bullets from 110 grain up to 230 grain. The most popular bullets being 178 grain, 200 gr and the 225 gr bullets.

178 grain eld-x-26″ barrel

200 grain eld-x-26″ barrel

225 grain eld-x-26″ bARREL

300 RUM Ballistics Overview
300 RUM Bullet drop
300 RUM Wind Drift

Recoil: 300 RUM

Ammunition Cost: 300 RUM

HSM GameKing Ammunition 165 Grain Sierra GameKing Soft Point Boat Tail is the cheapest listed at $49.46 for a box of 20. Nosler Custom Ammunition 150 Grain AccuBond Spitzer takes the most expensive at $87.99 for a box of 20. Midway lists 25 different types of ammunition available for the caliber.

New Shooters 101: Cartridge Selection 338 Lapua Magnum

The 338 Lapua Magnum was introduced in 1987 and soon became a favorite with military units needing extended long-range take down power without the weight of a 50 cal. It is also a favorite round for extended long-range shooting and hunting. The 338 Lapua Magnum is the only true ELR caliber covered by this article today.

Terminal Ballistics: 338 Lapua Magnum

The 338 Lapua Magnum can fire bullets from 185 grain up to 300 grain. The most popular offerings rom Hornday being 225 grain, 250 grain, and 285 grain.

235 grain sst-27.17″ barrel

250 grain bthp match-27.17″ barrel

285 eld match-27.17″ barrel

338 Lapua Magnum ballistic overview
338 Lapua bullet drop
338 Lapua Wind drift

 

Recoil: 338 Lapua Magnum

Ammunition Cost: 338 Lapua Magnum

Midway has 31 types of .338 Lapua Magnum ammunition available on their website. The cheapest is Sellier & Bellot 250 Grain SMK at $30.99 for a box of 10. The most expensive is Federal Premium Gold Medal Ammunition 250 Grain Sierra MatchKing Hollow Point Boat Tail at $117.99 for a box of 20.

Which cartridge is right for you?

Well that really depends. You can use the information above to find that out. Not all cartridges are created equal. Reloading is beneficial in most cases and sometimes necessary to get the best performance out of the cartridge you choose. Matching the range you intend to shoot, the purpose you intend to use the rifle for at that range, as well as amount you are looking to spend on ammunition will help you make a better choice in cartridge selection.

 

Stay tuned for our next article diving back into reloading by reviewing the Lyman Gen 5 Touch Screen Powder Scale and Dispenser.

As always like and follow our page LRS Precision, LLC Facebook page and come join our LRS community at  Long Range Shooters Facebook Group.

 

New Shooters 101: The introduction

New shooters
LRS Precision, LLC

Long range shooting has seen an exponential growth in new shooters over the past few years. The amount of companies who are producing rifles, ammunition, and accessories has also continued to increase to accommodate the growth. There are more offerings than ever before in the industry however this can make things confusing. Today I want to give you a brief over view of the categories I will cover in-depth in future articles.

 New Shooters 101: Purpose

Long range shooting covers a very wide range of styles and disciplines. If you are a bench rest shooter the kit and rifle you use will be very different than that of the long-range hunter. Do you intend to shoot Practical precision, ELR shooting, NRA rifle competitions, bench rest, or F-Class to name a few? Defining the purpose before you start buying a rifle and gear can save you a lot of time and regret.

New Shooter 101: Caliber selection

Selecting the right caliber for your intended use is equally as important as matching the purpose to your rifle and gear. If you intend to shoot practical precision matches a magnum caliber might not be the best choice. While you will have extra power there are downsides. It will be harder to spot your hits and misses and make fast follow-up shots. On the other side of things if you are shooting ELR and using a caliber that doesn’t have enough power it will make you ineffective.

New Shooters 101: Gear

Knowing what type of gear you will need can also save you a lot of grief. Buying what you don’t need will cost you money that you need not spend. Fitting the type of gear to the discipline of long-range shooting you intend to pursue will make you more effective. If you shoot ELR your needs will be different then if you shoot at medium to long-range. For example if you buy a range finder that only ranges to 800 yards you won’t be able to make effective hits at ELR distances. Sometimes more gear is not the answer. If you are a hunter and moving on foot you will only want what is essential to your needs.

 

New Shooters 101: Training

Often times training is the most overlooked aspect of any shooting discipline. There are a lot of instructors in the industry but for every good instructor there are 2 bad ones. Do some research and find an instructor and a class that pertains to the shooting discipline that you intend to follow. It is worth noting that while most classes are expensive it is for good reason. Even the best shooters continue their education to become better.

 

New Shooters 101: Range time

In order to keep our skills sharp and keep improving it is important to shoot as often as possible. Shooting for groups at 100 yards won’t help you become a better shooter at long distances. Refining our skills will make us better shooters. As we improve and practice the fundamentals, reading wind, and truing our data we will be able to get our shots on target more effectively. If you are on the internet you have heard the saying train how you fight. In the long-range world you will want to maximize your range time by working on drills that pertain to how you will shoot.

 

Stay tuned for the more in-depth articles on each category coming soon. As well as some more gear reviews and our next segment in Preparing for Practical Precision.

New shooters
Preparing for Practical Precision: Equipment

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